Backing Up Databases with Data Domain Boost

Backing Up Databases with Data Domain Boost

Dell EMC Data Domain Boost (DD Boost) is Dell EMC software that can be used with the gpcrondump and gpdbrestore utilities to perform faster backups to the Dell EMC Data Domain storage appliance. Data Domain performs deduplication on the data it stores, so after the initial backup operation, the appliance stores only pointers to data that is unchanged. This reduces the size of backups on disk. When DD Boost is used with gpcrondump, Greenplum Database participates in the deduplication process, reducing the volume of data sent over the network. When you restore files from the Data Domain system with Data Domain Boost, some files are copied to the master local disk and are restored from there, and others are restored directly.

With Data Domain Boost managed file replication, you can replicate Greenplum Database backup images that are stored on a Data Domain system for disaster recover purposes. The gpmfr utility manages the Greenplum Database backup sets that are on the primary and a remote Data Domain system. For information about gpmfr, see the Greenplum Database Utility Guide.

Managed file replication requires network configuration when a replication network is being used between two Data Domain systems:

  • The Greenplum Database system requires the Data Domain login credentials to be configured using gpcrondump. Credentials must be created for both the local and remote Data Domain systems.
  • When the non-management network interface is used for replication on the Data Domain systems, static routes must be configured on the systems to pass the replication data traffic to the correct interfaces.

Do not use Data Domain Boost with pg_dump or pg_dumpall.

Refer to Data Domain Boost documentation for detailed information.

Important: For incremental back up sets, a full backup and the associated incremental backups must be on a single device. For example, a backup set must all be on a file system. The backup set cannot have some backups on the local file system and others on single storage unit of a Data Domain system. For backups on a Data Domain system, the backup set must be in a single storage unit.
Note: You can use a Data Domain server as an NFS file system (without Data Domain Boost) to perform incremental backups.

Data Domain Boost Requirements

Using Data Domain Boost requires the following.

  • Data Domain Boost is included only with the commercial release of Pivotal Greenplum Database.
  • Purchase and install Dell EMC Data Domain Boost and Replicator licenses on the Data Domain systems.
  • Obtain sizing recommendations for Data Domain Boost. Make sure the Data Domain system supports sufficient write and read streams for the number of segment hosts in your Greenplum cluster.

Contact your Dell EMC Data Domain account representative for assistance.

One-Time Data Domain Boost Credential Setup

There is a one-time process to set up credentials to use Data Domain Boost. Credential setup connects one Greenplum Database instance to one Data Domain instance. If you are using the gpcrondump --replicate option or DD Boost managed file replication capabilities for disaster recovery purposes, you must set up credentials for both the local and remote Data Domain systems.

To set up credentials, run gpcrondump with the following options:

--ddboost-host ddboost_hostname --ddboost-user ddboost_user
--ddboost-backupdir backup_directory --ddboost-storage-unit storage_unit_ID

The --ddboost-storage-unit is optional. If not specified, the storage unit ID is GPDB.

To remove credentials, run gpcrondump with the --ddboost-config-remove option.

To manage credentials for the remote Data Domain system that is used for backup replication, include the --ddboost-remote option with the other gpcrondump options. For example, the following options set up credentials for a Data Domain system that is used for backup replication. The system IP address is 192.0.2.230, the user ID is ddboostmyuser, and the location for the backups on the system is GPDB/gp_production:

--ddboost-host 192.0.2.230 --ddboost-user ddboostmyuser
--ddboost-backupdir gp_production --ddboost-remote

For details, see gpcrondump in the Greenplum Database Utility Guide.

If you use two or more network connections to connect to the Data Domain system, use gpcrondump to set up the login credentials for the Data Domain hostnames associated with the network interfaces. To perform this setup for two network connections, run gpcrondump with the following options:

--ddboost-host ddboost_hostname1
--ddboost-host ddboost_hostname2 --ddboost-user ddboost_user
--ddboost-backupdir backup_directory

About DD Boost Credential Files

The gpcrondump utility is used to schedule DD Boost backup operations. The utility is also used to set, change, or remove one-time credentials and a storage unit ID for DD Boost. The gpcrondump, gpdbrestore, and gpmfr utilities use the DD Boost credentials to access Data Domain systems. DD Boost information is stored in these files.
  • DDBOOST_CONFIG is used by gpdbrestore and gpcrondump for backup and restore operations with the Data Domain system. The gpdbrestore utility creates or updates the file when you specify Data Domain information with the --ddboost-host option.
  • DDBOOST_MFR_CONFIG is used by gpmfr for remote replication operations with the remote Data Domain system. The gpdbrestore utility creates or updates the file when you specify Data Domain information with the --ddboost-host option and --ddboost-remote option.
The configuration files are created in the current user (gpadmin) home directory on the Greenplum Database master and segment hosts. The path and file name cannot be changed. Information in the configuration files includes:
  • Data Domain host name or IP address
  • DD Boost user name
  • DD Boost password
  • Default Data Domain backup directory (DDBOOST_CONFIG only)
  • Data Domain storage unit ID: default is GPDB (DDBOOST_CONFIG only)
  • Data Domain default log level: default is WARNING
  • Data Domain default log size: default is 50

Use the gpcrondump option --ddboost-show-config to display the current DD Boost configuration information from the Greenplum Database master configuration file. Specify the --remote option to display the configuration information for the remote Data Domain system.

About Data Domain Storage Units

When you use a Data Domain system to perform a backup, restore, or remote replication operation with the gpcrondump, gpdbrestore, or gpmfr utility, the operation uses a storage unit on a Data Domain system. You can specify the storage unit ID when you perform these operations:

  • When you set the DD Boost credentials with the gpcrondump utility --ddboost-host option.

    If you specify the --ddboost-storage-unit option, the storage unit ID is written to the Greenplum Database DD Boost configuration file DDBOOST_CONFIG. If the storage unit ID is not specified, the default value is GPDB.

    If you specify the --ddboost-storage-unit option and the --ddboost-remote option to set DD Boost credentials for the remote Data Domain server, the storage ID information is ignored. The storage unit ID in the DDBOOST_CONFIG file is the default ID that is used for remote replication operations.

  • When you perform a backup, restore, or remote replication operation with gpcrondump, gpdbrestore, or gpmfr.

    When you specify the --ddboost-storage-unit option, the utility uses the specified Data Domain storage unit for the operation. The value in the configuration file is not changed.

A Greenplum Database utility uses the storage unit ID based on this order of precedence from highest to lowest:
  • Storage unit ID specified with --ddboost-storage-unit
  • Storage unit ID specified in the configuration file
  • Default storage unit ID GPDB

Greenplum Database master and segment instances use a single storage unit ID when performing a backup, restore, or remote replication operation.

Important: The storage unit ID in the Greenplum Database master and segment host configuration files must be the same. The Data Domain storage unit is created by the gpcrondump utility from the Greenplum Database master host.
The following occurs if storage unit IDs are different in the master and segment host configuration files:
  • If all the storage units have not been created, the operation fails.
  • If all the storage units have been created, a backup operation completes. However, the backup files are in different storage units and a restore operation fails because a full set of backup files is not in a single storage unit.

When performing a full backup operation (not an incremental backup), the storage unit is created on the Data Domain system if it does not exist.

A storage unit is not created if these gpcrondump options are specified: --incremental, --list-backup-file, --list-filter-tables, -o, or --ddboost-config-remove.

Greenplum Database replication operations use the same storage unit ID on both systems. For example, if you specify the --ddboost-storage-unit option for --replicate or --recover through gpmfr or --replicate from gpcrondump, the storage unit ID applies to both local and remote Data Domain systems.

When performing a replicate or recover operation with gpmfr, the storage unit on the destination Data Domain system (where the backup is being copied) is created if it does not exist.

Configuring Data Domain Boost for Greenplum Database

After you set up credentials for Data Domain Boost on the Greenplum Database, perform the following tasks in Data Domain to allow Data Domain Boost to work with Greenplum Database:

Configuring Distributed Segment Processing in Data Domain

Configure the distributed segment processing option on the Data Domain system. The configuration applies to all the DCA servers and the Data Domain Boost plug-in installed on them. This option is enabled by default, but verify that it is enabled before using Data Domain Boost backups:

# ddboost option show

To enable or disable distributed segment processing:

# ddboost option set distributed-segment-processing {enabled | disabled}

Configuring Advanced Load Balancing and Link Failover in Data Domain

If you have multiple network connections on a network subnet, you can create an interface group to provide load balancing and higher network throughput on your Data Domain system. When a Data Domain system on an interface group receives data from the media server clients, the data transfer is load balanced and distributed as separate jobs on the private network. You can achieve optimal throughput with multiple 10 GbE connections.

Note: To ensure that interface groups function properly, use interface groups only when using multiple network connections on the same networking subnet.

To create an interface group on the Data Domain system, create interfaces with the net command. If interfaces do not already exist, add the interfaces to the group, and register the Data Domain system with the backup application.

  1. Add the interfaces to the group:
    # ddboost ifgroup add interface 192.0.2.1
    # ddboost ifgroup add interface 192.0.2.2
    # ddboost ifgroup add interface 192.0.2.3
    # ddboost ifgroup add interface 192.0.2.4
    
    Note: You can create only one interface group and this group cannot be named.
  2. Select one interface on the Data Domain system to register with the backup application. Create a failover aggregated interface and register that interface with the backup application.
    Note: You do not have to register one of the ifgroup interfaces with the backup application. You can use an interface that is not part of the ifgroup to register with the backup application.
  3. Enable ddboost on the Data Domain system:
    # ddboost ifgroup enable
  4. Verify the Data Domain system configuration as follows:
    # ddboost ifgroup show config
    Results similar to the following are displayed.
    Interface
    -------------
    192.0.2.1
    192.0.2.2
    192.0.2.3
    192.0.2.4
    -------------
    

You can add or delete interfaces from the group at any time.

Note: Manage Advanced Load Balancing and Link Failover (an interface group) using the ddboost ifgroup command or from the Enterprise Manager Data Management > DD Boost view.

Export the Data Domain Path to the DCA Network

The commands and options in this topic apply to DDOS 5.0.x and 5.1.x. See the Data Domain documentation for details.

Use the following Data Domain commands to export the /backup/ost directory to the DCA for Data Domain Boost backups.
# nfs add /backup/ost 192.0.2.0/24, 198.51.100.0/24 (insecure)
Note: The IP addresses refer to the Greenplum system working with the Data Domain Boost system.

Create the Data Domain Login Credentials for the DCA

Create a username and password for the DCA to access the DD Boost Storage Unit (SU) at the time of backup and restore:

# user add user [password password] [priv {admin | security | user}]

Backup Options for Data Domain Boost

Specify the gpcrondump options to match the setup.

Data Domain Boost backs up files to a storage unit in the Data Domain system. Status and report files remain on the local disk. If needed, specify the Data Domain system storage unit with the --ddboost-storage-unit option. This DD Boost comand display the names of all storage units on a Data Domain system
ddboost storage-unit show

To configure Data Domain Boost to remove old backup directories before starting a backup operation, specify a gpcrondump backup expiration option:

  • The -c option clears all backup directories.
  • The -o option clears the oldest backup directory.

To remove the oldest dump directory, specify gpcrondump --ddboost with the -o option. For example, if your retention period is 30 days, use gpcrondump --ddboost with the -o option on day 31.

Use gpcrondump --ddboost with the -c option to clear out all the old dump directories in db_dumps. The -c option deletes all dump directories that are at least one day old.

Using CRON to Schedule a Data Domain Boost Backup

  1. Ensure the One-Time Data Domain Boost Credential Setup is complete.
  2. Add the option --ddboost to the gpcrondump option:
    gpcrondump -x mydatabase -z -v --ddboost 

    If needed, specify the Data Domain system storage unit with the --ddboost-storage-unit option.

Important: Do not use compression with Data Domain Boost backups. The -z option turns backup compression off.

Some of the options available in gpcrondump have different implications when using Data Domain Boost. For details, see gpcrondump in the Greenplum Database Utility Reference.

Restoring From a Data Domain System with Data Domain Boost

  1. Ensure the One-Time Data Domain Boost Credential Setup is complete.
  2. Add the option --ddboost to the gpdbrestore command:
    $ gpdbrestore -t backup_timestamp -v -ddboost

    If needed, specify the Data Domain system storage unit with the --ddboost-storage-unit option.

Note: Some of the gpdbrestore options available have different implications when using Data Domain. For details, see gpdbrestore in the Greenplum Database Utility Reference.